An Introduction to Sacred Geometry

Sacred Geometry is everywhere! You can find it in almost every religion and spiritual practice. It is the basis for the designs of Churches, Cathedrals, Mosques and Temples. Hindus and Buddhists use intricate geometric patterns to create beautiful mandalas for meditation. Whether you are spiritual, religious or even a fan of complex mathematics, Sacred Geometry provides a great deal of aesthetic satisfaction and meditative peacefulness. Sacred Geometry is the use of geometric symbols and patterns to describe 'indescribable' links between our origin as humans and our purpose in life. The theory is that everything in the known universe is geometric - molecular structures, plants, animals, humans, solar systems and and everything in between. Sacred Geometry describes the geometry of consciousness and all consciousness is based on geometry.

Some basic ideas of important geometric patterns within particular religions/philosophies include: The Flower of Life, The Tree of life, The Seed of life, Yin and Yang, the Platonic Solids and the Fibonacci and Phi sequences. The Flower of life describes how creation is geometric. It is a floral pattern deriving from one sphere that is multiplied and overlapped with itself to create petal shapes, and has been found all over the world in places such as Ireland, Turkey and Israel. It starts with consciousness floating in a void, but then decides to expand its awareness to create a sphere, the consciousness then gains awareness of this expansion and moves to the edge of the sphere to create another overlapping sphere. The overlapping of spheres creates knowledge, so the consciousness gains knowledge with each step of this procedure. After the repetition of this you have the Seed of life, which represents the seven days of Genesis; hence the seven circles. From the Seed of life, if you join up certain intersection points throught the centre, you will begin to see what is known as the Tree of life. The Tree of life is used within Kabbalistic teachings to provide pathways from one step of gaining enlightenment to the next. However, Kabbalists do not own this symbol - it is a very ancient and mysterious symbol that has never been attributed to one single culture. If you continue the Seed of life so that it has 19 circles, we have what is called the Flower of life.

Another important feature of Sacred Geometry is the use of straight lines and curves lines to determine male and female energy. Straight lines represent male energy: focused and driven, whereas curved lines represent female energy: creative and random. These two energies can also be represented by the symbol of Yin and Yang, and within science these qualities can be attributed to the left and right side of the brain (logical vs creative). These energies balance each other out, and can be seen visually balancing each other out when straight lines and curved lines are used to create the Metatron's cube or even the Fibonacci sequence. In alchemy, shapes known as the Platonic Solids are perfect 3D shapes that all share the rules that all faces of the shape must be the same size, all edges must be the same length and all angles must be the same, resulting in: a Tetrahedron, a Cube, an Octahedron, an Icosahedron and Dodecahedron. These shapes correllate to the elements which were vital to these alchemists: Fire, Earth, Air, Water and the Ether.

And to cover a fundamental part of Sacred Geometry, the relationship between the mathematical sequences of Phi and Fibonacci describe the link between nature and the divine. Phi is also known as the Golden Ratio - in which a + b = c. It is the mathematical root of all sequences and is infinite! This ratio is found everywhere in nature, meaning the anatomies of animals, humans and plants follow this ratio. The ancient Greeks understood this ratio and built their statues and buildings with these proportions, along with the Pyramids of Egypt following the ratio. Fibonacci is a sequence of numbers that continually strives to become closer to Phi, but will never quite reach it. The Fibonacci sequence is a spiral within rectangles (use of male and female energies again) that is a motif often found within plants and shells, but also in galaxies and more complicated structures. The mathematical struggle that Fibonacci goes through to try and reach Phi can be compared to the existential struggle that nature goes through in order to become divine.

Symbols, sigils, and mandalas can be physically drawn with a pencil and paper (and definitely a ruler and compass!) in order to understand them better, and can be used as meditation tools. Focusing on intricate line structure alone can relieve the mind of daily troubles and promote focus, but studying the relationships between the shapes can unlock meaning that cannot be described through other means such as writing, so it is worth studying these ancient symbols. Creating your own symbols can be benefical for opening up parts of the brain that struggle to communicate through other means, so get drawing!